Ca Mau is the Southern-most province of Vietnam, having Ca Mau City as its capital. With a total area of 5331.7 km2, the province borders KienGiang Province to the north, Bac Lieu Province to the northeast, the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest and East sea to the east and northeast. The coastline of Ca Mau, which has a total length of 307km, embraces three side of this southern province.
In general, Ca Mau has a relatively flat terrain with several fat plains accompanied by a complex system of rivers and channels. There are 7 big rivers: Ong Doc River, Bay Hap River, Cai Lon River, GanhHao River, Dam Doi River, TremTrem River, anh Bach Nguu River. Beside the area in mainland, Ca Mau also has two islands named Hon Khoai and Hoi Chuoi.
Lying within the tropical climate region of Vietnam, Ca Mau has the typical seasonal winds and a hot yet humid weather. While rain concentrates especially in the period between May and August, there is a relatively small amount of rain on the other months. The annual average precipitation is 2500mm/ year and the annual average temperature is about 26oC – 27oC.
City Bird Gardern
The City Bird Garden is situated inside the Cultural Park, also known as Lam Vien May 19th Park, in Ca Mau City. Only 2km away to the West of the center of the city, this garden is the place where many precious types of bird reside and gather every year.
The Cultural Park covers a total area of 18.2 ha including amusement parks, monuments, botanical gardens, stilt houses, Ho Chi Minh pond, etc. Besides, there are also many typically tropical species raised in this park such as crocodile, monkey, snake, lizard, python, etc. However, the bird garden is the most popular spot of the whole park. This is actually a 2-ha forest where thousands of birds, storks, etc. gather every afternoon. Recently, there are also other types of bird such as teal, swan, etc. choosing to reside and procreate in this area. For the last couples of years, the garden has been newly expanded to an area of 6ha circled by fences. At the moment, as a separate ecological site, the City Bird Garden has a harmonious beauty made of natural ponds, forests, flower bushes and the most valuable birds in Southeast Asia.
Hon Khoai Island
Only 14.6 km away to the southwest of Nam Can Town, the Hon Khoai Island is located in Ngoc Hien District of Ca Mau Province. This is a stone island on which the hills and the forest still remain untouched with many specious types of wood, animal, and plants, as well as a mesmerizing artless wilderness.
Three enjoyable hours on the 90CV cruise from RachGoc (the gate to the East Sea of Ngoc Hien District) will take you to the spectacular Hon Khoai Island, one of the most beautiful islands in the Southern-most region of the country. You should not confuse Hon Khoai Island with Hon Khoai archipelago, which is a group of 5 spectacular islands. The Hon Khoai Island is the biggest and also the highest island surrounding by the other four.
Setting foot on Hon Khoai Island enables all tourists to enjoy the poetically beautiful seashores that are full of white egg-shaped cobbles. Tourists can also challenge their bravery by climbing up the mountains or discovering the tropical jungle. However, no matter what they do, the rare and priceless scenery of primitive forest with more than 1000 types of plants and hundreds species of wild animal will surely leave them speechless from time to time.
The Cape of Ca Mau
The Cape of Ca Mau belongs to Ngoc Hien District in Ca Mau Province. It locates only 118km away from the center of Ca Mau City. This is a unique spot of Vietnam Tourism not only because of its southern-most location, but also because of the fact that it is the only place in Vietnam where one can see the sun rising in the East and setting in the West.
The natural scenery full of mangrove forests featuring a plethora of birds, wild animals, and fishes gives Ca Mau a very distinctive beauty of a newly discovered land: mysterious and fresh at the same time. With a diverse system of wild plants and animals, the giant mangrove forests are surely the most noticeable feature of this land, as they are the intersection of the East Sea and the West Sea. As the area of the forest expand greatly on a yearly basis, the most precious types of plant also develop, benefiting the wild animals residing there. It is estimated that there are over 240 types of plants, 36 species of animal, 194 species of bird, and 260 species of fish, with many endangered species.
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